Don't look now, but evidence of progress in the war on terror is just about
everywhere. Last week CIA director Michael Hayden noted some U.S. accomplishments for the Washington Post:
"Near strategic defeat of al-Qaeda in Iraq. Near strategic defeat for
al-Qaeda in Saudi Arabia.
Significant setbacks for al-Qaeda globally." USA
Today: Attacks in Iraq
are "down 70 percent since President Bush ordered a U.S. troop
increase, or 'surge,' early last year."
The New Yorker's Lawrence Wright devoted a long essay to Sayyid Imam
al-Sharif, onetime mentor to Ayman al Zawahiri, who now criticizes his former
protégé and Osama bin Laden and suggests they be put on trial. In the New Republic, Peter Bergen and Paul Cruickshank
told the story of Sheikh Salman al-Awdah, author of an open letter attacking
bin Laden and violent jihad that has caused shockwaves across the Muslim world.
The sheikhs of Anbar Province in Iraq lead a national,
transsectarian movement preparing for provincial elections by the end of the
year. Polling shows a widespread decline in support among Muslims for suicide
bombing and for bin Laden. Fareed Zakaria observed that the number of Islamist
attacks worldwide has declined precipitously since 2004.
How did this happen? It is partly due to Muslim outrage at al Qaeda's
killing of its coreligionists. It is partly due to Muslim rejection of al
Qaeda's malign interpretation of Islam. For these reasons, Bergen and Cruickshank wrote that
"encoded in the DNA of apocalyptic jihadist groups like Al Qaeda are the
seeds of their own long-term destruction."
True. But such seeds must be sown, watered, and tended. Read the authors
mentioned above, and you would think that al Qaeda's troubles sprung up
overnight. They did not. Its troubles cannot be separated from U.S.
counterterrorism policy. From President Bush's policy.
After 9/11, the president mobilized all forms of American power against bin
Laden and his global jihadist movement. The constant pressure--cutting off the
movement's funding, bringing down the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, hunting down jihadist affiliates in
and the Horn of Africa, spying on the terrorists' global communications--put
the enemy on the defensive for the first time.
Then the president denied the jihadists an ally by removing Saddam Hussein
from power in Iraq.
Bin Laden declared Iraq the
"central front" of his war against the West, and the Sunni insurgency
helped Al Qaeda in Iraq
gain a foothold there. Bush changed strategy last year, sending reinforcements
and ordering General Petraeus to secure the country's population. The results
have been dramatic. By the time the first reinforcements arrived in Iraq, the
Anbaris were already turning against al Qaeda. The Americans helped to almost
completely eliminate the group in Anbar. Al Qaeda in Iraq is on the run. It has been
denied its strategic goal of establishing an Islamic State of Iraq. Its black
flag flies no more there.
What once seemed a war between jihadists and the West is now a war between
jihadists and Muslims who reject terrorism. Bin Laden is close to losing this
fight on his central front. Al Qaeda is no longer the attractive "strong
horse" of bin Laden's December 2001 metaphor. It is that fact, more than
any other, that accounts for his movement's current disarray.
But a global war has many fronts. Progress in one battle is
often accompanied by setbacks in another. Al Qaeda may be on the brink of
defeat, but its leadership maintains a safe haven along Pakistan's
northwest frontier. In Afghanistan,
Coalition forces continue to fight al Qaeda, the Taliban, and other agents of
state failure. Meanwhile, the Iranian theocracy moves steadily forward in its
quest for nuclear weapons. Iran's
proxies in Iraq, Gaza, and Lebanon
commit murder in the pursuit of illiberal ends. A disturbing number of European
Muslims are sympathetic to the jihadists and are a potential source of fresh
recruits. And a precipitous withdrawal from Iraq would erase all of the
progress that has been made in the last year and a half. A precipitous
withdrawal would provide aid and comfort to al Qaeda.
The left's analysis of jihadism has been proved incorrect at every turn. It
argued military power would be ineffective against the terrorists. Wrong. It
argued that intervention in Iraq
would energize bin Laden's movement. That movement is in shambles. The left
was a lost cause. It isn't. The left argues that a "war on terrorism"
is futile, that defeat is inevitable, because terrorism is a "tactic,"
not an enemy. Nonsense. President Bush has demonstrated through perseverance
and (more often than not) sound policy that the war on terror can be won. And
right now we're winning it.